In diabetes, the pancreas produces an insufficient amount of insulin (or does not produce it at all), or insulin is produced, but cannot be effectively used by the body.
Insulin is a pancreatic hormone needed to regulate blood sugar levels. There are several types of diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas are missing or damaged. Such a patient needs regular hormone injections. Type 2 diabetes occurs in 90% of patients with this disease. Their body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells do not respond to the hormone as needed.
Lack of, lack of or improper use of insulin by the body leads to an increase in blood sugar levels – this is one of the main symptoms of diabetes. But besides this, there are others, if they are found, it is necessary to consult a doctor and pass the appropriate tests. Diabetes can occur at any age – in recent years it has been found in preschool children. The earlier treatment is started, the more chances to avoid the development of complications and to preserve health. So, what should alert you?
With an increase in blood sugar levels, the body begins to try to get rid of it – excreted in the urine. As a result, polyuria occurs – frequent urination, which causes a lot of anxiety to patients, especially at night.
Frequent urination is expected to provoke dehydration and intense thirst. You may want to drink constantly throughout the day, although you have not noticed such features before. Severe thirst can be accompanied by dry mouth – it can also cause the desire to drink water and other beverages more often.
Increased appetite and constant hunger are symptoms of type 2 diabetes. The pancreas produces more and more insulin, which the body is unable to use for its intended purpose. The presence in the blood of a large amount of insulin leads to the fact that the brain receives a signal of the need for a new portion of food. This happens even if you have recently eaten and the stomach is still full.
Numbness of the limbs
Nerve damage with an increase in blood sugar leads to the development of diabetic neuropathy. Its first signs are numbness of the fingers and toes and severe pain. With the timely start of treatment, the progression of neuropathy stops, the numbness disappears. If you do not start the therapy on time, it threatens with serious complications: the pain intensifies, the innervation is more disturbed, trophic ulcers and other unpleasant symptoms may appear.
Vision problems also often occur in the early stages of the development of type 2 diabetes. At the initial stages of the lesion, patients can feel only a “fog”, which disappears after normalization of sugar in the blood. In the absence of treatment, severe forms of diabetic retinopathy can develop – reduced visual acuity and complete blindness.
If you find yourself with one or more symptoms, and besides this you get tired more often, suddenly lose weight or gain it, experience severe itching (especially in the genital area), and also notice wounds that do not heal for a long time – you need to consult a doctor as soon as possible and get tested.