Heart problems are not always immediately noticeable – only in films a person grabs his chest and falls to the floor, in real life, manifestations of cardiovascular diseases may be completely different. This is stated by scientists from the Penn State Hershey Heart and Vascular Institute. Unpleasant sensations may not be associated with pain or the heart area, but, nevertheless, the following 11 symptoms should be paid attention to – especially if you are over 60 years old, or you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or excess weight. The greater the risk factors, the greater the likelihood that the signs listed below indicate diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
This is the most common symptom. If you have a sore chest or a feeling of tightness, pressure, it may be necessary to see a cardiologist. Experts say that everyone describes this discomfort in their own way, some feel as if something was pinched inside, others – that burns in the chest, and others – as if an elephant sat on them. The feeling lasts longer than a few minutes, it can occur both at rest and during physical activity.
Nausea, heartburn, indigestion and pain in his area
In some patients, such problems can be an indicator of heart disease. This happens more often in women. Of course, an upset stomach may be completely unrelated to the heart, but if you are at risk, it’s better to see a doctor.
Pain in the arm
This is also one of the classic signs. If the pain begins in the chest and spreads along the left side of the body, giving it to the arm is likely an exacerbation of the disease. Sometimes the hand can hurt more than the chest.
Dizziness or lightness in the head
Many things can cause dizziness – for example, you ate too little or drank, and maybe you got up sharply. But in combination with other symptoms, it can also indicate that the heart is not coping with the pumping of blood through the body.
Sore throat or jaw
By itself, such pain can mean anything – for example, this happens when you have a cold. But if chest pain spreads to the throat and beyond – it is also worth a visit to the doctor.
If you get tired quickly or, for example, are out of breath after the simplest action (for example, you have brought food from the car and you cannot catch your breath), go to the doctor. These symptoms may even be very important. If weakness attacked you and you cannot understand where it came from – check your heart.
If a person doesn’t snore much – it could be normal. However, too much loud snoring can be a sign of breathing problems, which, in turn, can not affect the work of the heart.
If you unexpectedly become covered with cold sweat, and still feel any of the symptoms described – call a doctor, do not risk going to him yourself. These may be signs of a heart attack.
Such a cough may be an indication that the lungs are not getting enough blood. A visit to the doctor is necessary again (the cough itself is also not very pleasant).
When the heart does not pump blood as intensively as it should, it can stagnate in the veins of the legs, leading to swelling of the extremities. In addition, in case of heart failure, the kidneys work worse, which can also be expressed in the form of edema.
The heart may change its rhythm if you are nervous, but if it lasts longer than a few seconds or happens too often, tell your cardiologist.